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Kreatifitas terkadang diartikan sebagai, pelanggaran aturan.
Kreativitas, terkadang, muncul sebagai sesuatu aksi yang dapat tidak tepat waktu, sesuatu yang tidak terduga. Kreativitas dapat dibentuk dengan melatih pengendalian kekuatan otak dengan membebaskan dari suatu “keterikatan”. Tanpa kreativitas maka manusia hanyalah akan menjadi robot yang hidup.

Istilah Berpikir Lateral digunakan oleh Edward de Bono, seorang psikolog dari Malta, sebagai judul bukunya Berpikir Lateral, yang diterbitkan pada tahun 1967. De Bono mendefinisikan berpikir lateral sebagai suatu metoda berpikir yang lebih menitik beratkan kepada perubahan konsep dan persepsi.Berpikir lateral merupakan sebuah landasan bahwa sesuatu tidak harus menjadi jelas dengan segera dan menghasilkan ide yang tidak dapat dihasilkan dengan metoda berpikir tradisional.

Definisi

Sistem tradisional telah mendefiniskan bahwa berpikir yang baik adalah sebagai suatu masalah kemampuan kognitif atau ketrampilan berpikir. Maka kini kita memiliki dua istilah: “kemampuan kognitif” dan “ketrampilan berpikir”. Kemampuan kognitif akan dipengaruhi oleh pola berpikir, atau suatu kumpulan persepsi yang dibentuk dari pengalaman atau pelajaran masa lalu. Ketrampilan berpikir merupakan kemapuan untuk menggunakan kumpulan pola berpikir. Kemudian kemampuan kognitif akan berkembang menjadi berpikir vertikal, sedangkan ketrampilan berpikir akan menjadi berpikir lateral. Dengan meningkatkan kemampuan kedua macam berpkir tersebut maka, seseorang akan dapat menjadi Pemikir yang baik.

Berpikir Lateral dan kreativitas

Ide yang baru merupakan hasil dari berpikir lateral, dan kadang bukan sesuatu yang dapat membantu seseorang, tetapi ketika ide yang bagus ditemukan, biasanya bukan atas hasil yang secara jelas terlihat namun bisa saja muncul sebagai sesuatu yang tidak mungkin dan dimunculkan dalam bentuk humor. Maka ide yang dihasilkan dari dari cara berpikir yang ada, akan disebut sebagai Kreativitas.

Berpikir Lateral sebagai penyempurna cara berpikir

Seperti telah dikemukakan di atas bahwa pemikir harus memiliki kemampuan kognitif dan ketrampilan berpikir. Hal tersebut kemudian akan membentuk seperti sebuah lingkaran setan. Ketika seseorang telah berhasil keluar dari kotak pembatas, berpikir lateral akan telah menunjukkan kerjanya sebagai sebuah mesin pencari, dengan berbagai jalan pada cara berpikir dan ide-ide. Kemudian hal tersebut harus dilanjutkan oleh kemampuan berpikir untuk meneliti hingga ke dalam hingga mencapai hasil. Namun ketika hasil telah didapat, hal itu juga merupakan akhir dari fase kerja kemampuan kognitif yang harus segera dilanjutkan dengan ketrampilan berpikir.

Teknik de Bono dalam berpikir lateral

Wikipedia telah menerangkan mengenai teknk yang digunakan untuk melatih berpikir lateral. Ada beberapa lata mental atau metoda yang dapat digunakan untuk meningjkatkan berpikir lateral. Hal tersebut seperti:
Masukan Acak: Pilih suatu obyek secara acak, bisa kata benda atau kata dari kamus, dan hubungkan dengan sesuatu yang sedang dipikirkan. Metoda ini juga dinamakan sebagai Method_of_focal_objects.
Provokasi: Nyatakan persepsi yang umum diluar batasnya atau gunakan alternatif provokasi terhadap situasi umum yang sedang dibahas. Hal ini akan memancing adanya persepsi baru.
Tantangan: Lakukan tantangan terhadap sesuatu kebiasaan. Hal ini dilakukan tidak untuk menyatakan bahwa cara yang ada sekarang bermasalah tetapi hanya untuk menuntun agar persepsi yang ada terlepas dan membangkitkan adanya persepsi yang baru.

Bagaimana cara meningkatkan ketrampilan berpikir atau berpikir lateral?

Biasanya kekampuan kognitif akan dihasilkan dari sekolahan, kehidupan sehari-hari atau informasi yang dikumpulkan dari berbagai cara. Tetapi ketrampilan berpikir haruslah dari latihan dan kesadaran haruslah tersedia terlebih dahulu sebagai dasarnya. Kesadaran akan melepaskan seseorang dari Kemelekatan, dimana kemelekatan akan membimbing seseorang kepada pola yang tertentu. Ketika seseorang telah berada dalam kondisi yang bebas, maka adanya ide yang baru akan dapat diterima dan dibuka. Dengan menerima ide yang baru atau membuka pola berpikir baru, maka berpikir lateral telah dilatih.

“Berpikir lateral ditandai dengan adanya perpindahan pola berpikir,
dari pola berpikir yang terduga atau yang selaras,
menuju kepada ide yang tidak terduga”

LATERAL THINKING – MENCIPATAKAN IDE & KREASI BARU

Over the last five years or so, it seemed there was little that Dean G. Skelos, the majority leader of the New York Senate, would not do for his son.

He pressed a powerful real estate executive to provide commissions to his son, a 32-year-old title insurance salesman, according to a federal criminal complaint. He helped get him a job at an environmental company and employed his influence to help the company get government work. He used his office to push natural gas drilling regulations that would have increased his son’s commissions.

He even tried to direct part of a $5.4 billion state budget windfall to fund government contracts that the company was seeking. And when the company was close to securing a storm-water contract from Nassau County, the senator, through an intermediary, pressured the company to pay his son more — or risk having the senator subvert the bid.

The criminal complaint, unsealed on Monday, lays out corruption charges against Senator Skelos and his son, Adam B. Skelos, the latest scandal to seize Albany, and potentially alter its power structure.

Photo
 
Preet Bharara, the United States attorney in Manhattan, discussed the case involving Dean G. Skelos and his son, Adam. Credit Eduardo Munoz/Reuters

The repeated and diverse efforts by Senator Skelos, a Long Island Republican, to use what prosecutors said was his political influence to find work, or at least income, for his son could send both men to federal prison. If they are convicted of all six charges against them, they face up to 20 years in prison for each of four of the six counts and up to 10 years for the remaining two.

Senator Kenneth P. LaValle, of Long Island, who serves as chairman of the Republican conference, emerged from a closed-door meeting Monday night to say that conference members agreed that Mr. Skelos should be benefited the “presumption of innocence,” and would stay in his leadership role.

“The leader has indicated he would like to remain as leader,” said Mr. LaValle, “and he has the support of the conference.” The case against Mr. Skelos and his son grew out of a broader inquiry into political corruption by the United States attorney for the Southern District of New York, Preet Bharara, that has already changed the face of the state capital. It is based in part, according to the six-count complaint, on conversations secretly recorded by one of two cooperating witnesses, and wiretaps on the cellphones of the senator and his son. Those recordings revealed that both men were concerned about electronic surveillance, and illustrated the son’s unsuccessful efforts to thwart it.

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Adam Skelos took to using a “burner” phone, the complaint says, and told his father he wanted them to speak through a FaceTime video call in an apparent effort to avoid detection. They also used coded language at times.

At one point, Adam Skelos was recorded telling a Senate staff member of his frustration in not being able to speak openly to his father on the phone, noting that he could not “just send smoke signals or a little pigeon” carrying a message.

The 43-page complaint, sworn out by Paul M. Takla, a special agent for the Federal Bureau of Investigation, outlines a five-year scheme to “monetize” the senator’s official position; it also lays bare the extent to which a father sought to use his position to help his son.

The charges accuse the two men of extorting payments through a real estate developer, Glenwood Management, based on Long Island, and the environmental company, AbTech Industries, in Scottsdale, Ariz., with the expectation that the money paid to Adam Skelos — nearly $220,000 in total — would influence his father’s actions.

Glenwood, one of the state’s most prolific campaign donors, had ties to AbTech through investments in the environmental firm’s parent company by Glenwood’s founding family and a senior executive.

The accusations in the complaint portray Senator Skelos as a man who, when it came to his son, was not shy about twisting arms, even in situations that might give other arm-twisters pause.

Seeking to help his son, Senator Skelos turned to the executive at Glenwood, which develops rental apartments in New York City and has much at stake when it comes to real estate legislation in Albany. The senator urged him to direct business to his son, who sold title insurance.

After much prodding, the executive, Charles C. Dorego, engineered a $20,000 payment to Adam Skelos from a title insurance company even though he did no work for the money. But far more lucrative was a consultant position that Mr. Dorego arranged for Adam Skelos at AbTech, which seeks government contracts to treat storm water. (Mr. Dorego is not identified by name in the complaint, but referred to only as CW-1, for Cooperating Witness 1.)

Senator Skelos appeared to take an active interest in his son’s new line of work. Adam Skelos sent him several drafts of his consulting agreement with AbTech, the complaint says, as well as the final deal that was struck.

“Mazel tov,” his father replied.

Senator Skelos sent relevant news articles to his son, including one about a sewage leak near Albany. When AbTech wanted to seek government contracts after Hurricane Sandy, the senator got on a conference call with his son and an AbTech executive, Bjornulf White, and offered advice. (Like Mr. Dorego, Mr. White is not named in the complaint, but referred to as CW-2.)

The assistance paid off: With the senator’s help, AbTech secured a contract worth up to $12 million from Nassau County, a big break for a struggling small business.

But the money was slow to materialize. The senator expressed impatience with county officials.

Adam Skelos, in a phone call with Mr. White in late December, suggested that his father would seek to punish the county. “I tell you this, the state is not going to do a [expletive] thing for the county,” he said.

Three days later, Senator Skelos pressed his case with the Nassau County executive, Edward P. Mangano, a fellow Republican. “Somebody feels like they’re just getting jerked around the last two years,” the senator said, referring to his son in what the complaint described as “coded language.”

The next day, the senator pursued the matter, as he and Mr. Mangano attended a wake for a slain New York City police officer. Senator Skelos then reassured his son, who called him while he was still at the wake. “All claims that are in will be taken care of,” the senator said.

AbTech’s fortunes appeared to weigh on his son. At one point in January, Adam Skelos told his father that if the company did not succeed, he would “lose the ability to pay for things.”

Making matters worse, in recent months, Senator Skelos and his son appeared to grow wary about who was watching them. In addition to making calls on the burner phone, Adam Skelos said he used the FaceTime video calling “because that doesn’t show up on the phone bill,” as he told Mr. White.

In late February, Adam Skelos arranged a pair of meetings between Mr. White and state senators; AbTech needed to win state legislation that would allow its contract to move beyond its initial stages. But Senator Skelos deemed the plan too risky and caused one of the meetings to be canceled.

In another recorded call, Adam Skelos, promising to be “very, very vague” on the phone, urged his father to allow the meeting. The senator offered a warning. “Right now we are in dangerous times, Adam,” he told him.

A month later, in another phone call that was recorded by the authorities, Adam Skelos complained that his father could not give him “real advice” about AbTech while the two men were speaking over the telephone.

“You can’t talk normally,” he told his father, “because it’s like [expletive] Preet Bharara is listening to every [expletive] phone call. It’s just [expletive] frustrating.”

“It is,” his father agreed.

Dean Skelos, Albany Senate Leader, Aided Son at All Costs, U.S. Says

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