Promo Biaya Umroh Murah di bulan Maret



Sebuah kelompok aktivis HAM Suriah mengatakan, serangan-serangan Israel itu menewaskan sedikitnya 42 tentara Suriah. Perbatasan Israel dengan Suriah dan Lebanon cukup tenang hari Senin (6/5/2013) meskipun pasukan keamanan ketiga negara tersebut berada dalam kondisi sangat waspada, sehari setelah laporan serangan Israel terhadap Suriah.

Sumber-sumber keamanan di Amerika mengatakan, target serangan itu adalah senjata-senjata canggih yang akan dikirim kepada kelompok militan Hezbollah di Lebanon.

Suriah membantah tuduhan itu. Menteri Penerangan Suriah Omran Al Zoubi membacakan sebuah pernyataan setelah sidang kabinet darurat Minggu malam di Damaskus, yang menyebut serangan-serangan Israel itu sebagai tindakan agresi terang-terangan. Menteri Penerangan Suriah Omran Al Zoubi mengatakan, Suriah berhak dan bertanggung jawab melindungi negara dan rakyatnya dari pelanggaran apa pun di dalam atau luar negeri.

Kantor berita Perancis AFP mengutip sumber-sumber pemerintah yang tidak disebutkan di Damaskus hari Senin, yang mengatakan Suriah akan memilih waktu yang tepat untuk membalas dan ini mungkin tidak terjadi dalam waktu dekat.

Ini merupakan serangan kedua yang dilakukan Israel terhadap Suriah dalam tiga hari ini. Salah satu sasaran dilaporkan telah diserang Israel Januari lalu.

Pejabat-pejabat Israel menolak untuk berkomentar secara langsung atas laporan-laporan itu, tetapi Wakil Menteri Luar Negeri Suriah Ze’ev Elkin mengatakan kepada radio Israel bahwa Israel khawatir tentang persenjataan canggih Suriah selagi perang saudara di negara itu memasuki tahun ketiga.

Wakil Menteri Luar Negeri Israel Ze’ev Elkin mengatakan, pejabat-pejabat Israel telah menunjukkan kekhawatiran atas persenjataan yang dikirim Iran atau negara-negara lain ke Suriah. Ia menambahkan, yang sangat mengkhawatirkan pejabat-pejabat Israel itu adalah kemungkinan jatuhnya senjata-senjata ini ke tangan Hezbollah.

Surat kabar Israel Yediot Aharonot hari Senin mengabarkan, Israel telah mengirim sebuah pesan rahasia—lewat saluran-saluran diplomatik—kepada Pemerintah Suriah dengan mengatakan Israel tidak berniat terlibat dalam perang saudara di Suriah.

Seorang anggota parlemen Israel—Tzachi Hanegby—yang dekat dengan Perdana Menteri Benjamin Netanyahu mengatakan, jika ada serangan apa pun dari Israel, serangan itu ditujukan terhadap Hezbollah dan bukan Suriah.

Mantan Duta Besar Israel untuk Amerika, Itamar Rabinovich, yang kini menjadi profesor di Universitas Tel Aviv, mengatakan, perang saudara di Suriah telah menimbulkan dampak pada negara-negara tetangganya yang dibanjiri para pengungsi. Itamar Rabinovich mengatakan, sejauh ini, Israel hanya sedikit terpengaruh oleh perang itu, tetapi ini bisa berubah setiap waktu dan kini semakin mendekati perubahan itu.

Sekutu- sekutu Suriah—Rusia dan China—mengecam serangan tersebut. Sekjen PBB Ban Ki-Moon dan Perancis prihatin konflik Suriah bisa meluas.

Presiden Amerika Barack Obama mengatakan, Israel berhak melindungi dirinya dari pengiriman senjata kepada Hezbollah.

 
Sumber   : VOAINDONESIA
Editor      :  Egidius Patnistik
TERNYATA ISRAEL MENUTUP WILAYAH UDARA SETELAH KESERANG DENGAN SURIAH

Though Robin and Joan Rolfs owned two rare talking dolls manufactured by Thomas Edison’s phonograph company in 1890, they did not dare play the wax cylinder records tucked inside each one.

The Rolfses, longtime collectors of Edison phonographs, knew that if they turned the cranks on the dolls’ backs, the steel phonograph needle might damage or destroy the grooves of the hollow, ring-shaped cylinder. And so for years, the dolls sat side by side inside a display cabinet, bearers of a message from the dawn of sound recording that nobody could hear.

In 1890, Edison’s dolls were a flop; production lasted only six weeks. Children found them difficult to operate and more scary than cuddly. The recordings inside, which featured snippets of nursery rhymes, wore out quickly.

Yet sound historians say the cylinders were the first entertainment records ever made, and the young girls hired to recite the rhymes were the world’s first recording artists.

Year after year, the Rolfses asked experts if there might be a safe way to play the recordings. Then a government laboratory developed a method to play fragile records without touching them.

Audio

The technique relies on a microscope to create images of the grooves in exquisite detail. A computer approximates — with great accuracy — the sounds that would have been created by a needle moving through those grooves.

In 2014, the technology was made available for the first time outside the laboratory.

“The fear all along is that we don’t want to damage these records. We don’t want to put a stylus on them,” said Jerry Fabris, the curator of the Thomas Edison Historical Park in West Orange, N.J. “Now we have the technology to play them safely.”

Last month, the Historical Park posted online three never-before-heard Edison doll recordings, including the two from the Rolfses’ collection. “There are probably more out there, and we’re hoping people will now get them digitized,” Mr. Fabris said.

The technology, which is known as Irene (Image, Reconstruct, Erase Noise, Etc.), was developed by the particle physicist Carl Haber and the engineer Earl Cornell at Lawrence Berkeley. Irene extracts sound from cylinder and disk records. It can also reconstruct audio from recordings so badly damaged they were deemed unplayable.

“We are now hearing sounds from history that I did not expect to hear in my lifetime,” Mr. Fabris said.

The Rolfses said they were not sure what to expect in August when they carefully packed their two Edison doll cylinders, still attached to their motors, and drove from their home in Hortonville, Wis., to the National Document Conservation Center in Andover, Mass. The center had recently acquired Irene technology.

Audio

Cylinders carry sound in a spiral groove cut by a phonograph recording needle that vibrates up and down, creating a surface made of tiny hills and valleys. In the Irene set-up, a microscope perched above the shaft takes thousands of high-resolution images of small sections of the grooves.

Stitched together, the images provide a topographic map of the cylinder’s surface, charting changes in depth as small as one five-hundredth the thickness of a human hair. Pitch, volume and timbre are all encoded in the hills and valleys and the speed at which the record is played.

At the conservation center, the preservation specialist Mason Vander Lugt attached one of the cylinders to the end of a rotating shaft. Huddled around a computer screen, the Rolfses first saw the wiggly waveform generated by Irene. Then came the digital audio. The words were at first indistinct, but as Mr. Lugt filtered out more of the noise, the rhyme became clearer.

“That was the Eureka moment,” Mr. Rolfs said.

In 1890, a girl in Edison’s laboratory had recited:

There was a little girl,

And she had a little curl

Audio

Right in the middle of her forehead.

When she was good,

She was very, very good.

But when she was bad, she was horrid.

Recently, the conservation center turned up another surprise.

In 2010, the Woody Guthrie Foundation received 18 oversize phonograph disks from an anonymous donor. No one knew if any of the dirt-stained recordings featured Guthrie, but Tiffany Colannino, then the foundation’s archivist, had stored them unplayed until she heard about Irene.

Last fall, the center extracted audio from one of the records, labeled “Jam Session 9” and emailed the digital file to Ms. Colannino.

“I was just sitting in my dining room, and the next thing I know, I’m hearing Woody,” she said. In between solo performances of “Ladies Auxiliary,” “Jesus Christ,” and “Dead or Alive,” Guthrie tells jokes, offers some back story, and makes the audience laugh. “It is quintessential Guthrie,” Ms. Colannino said.

The Rolfses’ dolls are back in the display cabinet in Wisconsin. But with audio stored on several computers, they now have a permanent voice.

Ghostly Voices From Thomas Edisonís Dolls Can Now Be Heard

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